Behavioural Technical Foul on Player, Coach or Bench

What is a Behavioural Technical Foul?

A Behavioural Technical Foul is one which:

  • shows some form of dissent (by word or action) towards a referee or their calls.
  • shows some form of disrespect (by word or action) towards match officials


Process to be followed

Warnings can be issued for the following:

  • Continuing to discuss a call after the referee has responded
  • Holding arms in the air following a call for a prolonged period of time
  • Attempting to demonstrate actions such as traveling etc.
  • Repeatedly asking questions, making comments, or gesturing in response to calls.

In cases like these, the referee will attempt to issue a warning to the player/coach although they are not required to do so.


In cases like these, the referee will issue a Behavioural Technical Foul without warning:

  • Wave offs, aggressive or excessive motioning of the arms
  • Aggressive hand claps directed at an official or showing resentment for a call or non-call
  • Running towards or aggressively approaching a referee
  • Shouting a reaction to a call or using profanity
  • Extended or prolonged complaining about a call, particularly after being told to stop
  • Not responding to a warning by repeating the action (or some other disrespectful action)


Three Step Process (applicable for championship level competitions):

Officials are encouraged to try where possible, to prevent from calling a technical foul by anticipating and reading the problem and consequently addressing the coaches behaviour before having to deal with it with a technical foul.

Officials are to consider using a 3-step process:


  • Officials are encouraged to attempt to de-escalate the situation with effective communication techniques; clearly articulating the behaviour is not acceptable.


  • If the inappropriate or unacceptable behaviour continues, the referee is to issue a warning.
  • This will involve the referee blowing their whistle and giving an obvious, clear and audible warning to the player / coach in a way that everyone knows a warning has been given.
  • The official will use words similar to “Coach / Player, your behaviour is unacceptable / inappropriate and this is a warning for you to stop that behaviour. If you continue, next time will be a technical foul.”  The official is to ensure that their partners are aware of this warning.
  • At the same time, the official will reinforce this verbal warning with visual signals.  This includes a ‘continuation / next time’ hand gesture and a “technical foul” signal.


  • If the inappropriate / unacceptable behaviour continues, issue a technical foul.



  • In the event that the behaviour of the coach / player is at such an unacceptable level, officials are entitled to progress immediately to either Step 2 or Step 3.
  • The process described below does not preclude the possibility of the Player/Coach being reported directly to the VJBL Tribunal using existing systems.

  • Behavioural Technical Fouls are centrally recorded by MUVJBL admin. Repeat offenders will receive additional penalties involving match suspension and/or fines.



Aaron Miles